Hardwood Characteristics

Common NameColor HeartwoodGrainLBS/FT3StabilityWorkabilityApplications
ALDERWestern Alder
Oregon Alder
Pale yellow to reddish brownFairly straight33SatisfactoryExcellentCabinet parts, furniture, laminated articles, etc.
ASH (Select White)White AshGrey brown tinged with redStraight41ExcellentModerateSports bats, oars, cue sticks, tool handles, furniture, cabinet parts
BASSWOODBasswood
American Whitewood
Creamy white to pale pinkish brownStraight and fine26SatisfactoryExcellentHand carving, pattern making, picture frames, toys, cabinetry
BIRCHNatural Birch
Red Birch
White Birch
Creamy white tinged with redStraight and fine39ExcellentModerate to easyDowels, furniture, cabinetry, drawer sides, etc.
CEDARTennessee Cedar
Aromatic Cedar
Light brown to redStraight and fine/medium36ExcellentModerateConstruction, gates, furniture, fencing, doors, etc.
CHERRYCabinet CherryRich red to reddish brownStraight close grain36ExcellentModerate to easyMusical instruments, furniture, cabinetry, boat interiors, etc.
HICKORYPecan HickoryBrown to reddish brownStraight to wavy w/coarse texture49ExcellentDifficultTool handles, chairs, furniture, cabinetry
JATOBALocustSalmon red to orange brown – brown streaksStraight to wavy w/coarse texture56ExcellentDifficultFurniture, cabinetry, tool handles, floors, stair treads, construction
KHAYAAfricanLight to dark reddish brown to deep redStraight to interlocked medium texture34-36ExcellentExcellentFurniture, cabinetry, boat building, pianos, caskets, pattern making
MAPLEHard Maple
White Maple
Natural Maple
Creamy white to reddish brown w/tinge of redStraight w/fine and even texture45SatisfactoryModerateFlooring, furniture, cabinetry, musical instruments
OAKRed Oak
White Oak
Pale yellow brown to biscuit to reddish tingeStraight grain w/coarse texture48SatisfactoryModerate to easyFlooring, furniture, cabinetry, construction, mouldings
POPLARPoplarCreamy white to grey to pale brown or pinkishStraight grain w/fine texture25-28SatisfactoryModerateFurniture framing, drawers, cabinet parts, moulding, boxes, crates
PURPLEHEARTAmaranth
Violetwood
Purple violet when cut then turns to dark brownStraight grain w/fine texture50-60ExcellentDifficultConstruction, dock work, water piling, tool handles, furniture
TEAKTeakGolden brown to rich brown w/darker brown markingsStraight to wavy grain w/coarse texture38-43ExcellentDifficultShip and boat building, outdoor furniture, flooring, cabinetry, decking
WALNUTBlack Walnut
Similar to Pecan
Rich dark brown to purplish blackStraight to wavy grain w/coarse texture40ExcellentModerateGunstocks, musical instruments, cabinetry, furniture, clock cases